• ITGIUM TEAM

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  • 7 mai 2015

  • SEDIMENT 淤泥

    bandeau nemeau

  • ENERGY SAVINGS

    Itgium

  • URBAN PLANNING

    index-3

  • ITGIUM WORKS

  • jùn mǎ 俊 马 Speech at ITTC 2014 讲话

    Presentation ITTC

    • Speech of jùn mǎ at the International Technology Transfer in Beijing and Guiyang on April (ITTC 2014)
    • Topic: Energy savings solution along with a substantial diminution of carbon dioxide (CO2)
    • Session “Smart City and The City of Future Technology Innovation in China “.

  • ITGIUM FRENCH

    • Album : ITgium
      <b>Slide01</b> <br />
  • ITgium China Sediment

    Itgium China project

  • Chang Jiang Sediment Stock

    Slide2

    • No contaminated : 700 M m3
    • Slightly contaminated : 200 M m3
    • Heavily contaminated : 500 M m3

  • Chang Jiang Sediment Issue

    Slide1

    • Upstream the river, crossing the Tibetan plateau, sludge inflates the Chang Jiang. Due to an intense deforestation and desertification, soil is friable. Weakened banks permit landslides. Coupled with land overuse, sediment decreases the water velocity.
    • Each year, 500 million tons are deposited in the river gorges, including the retention lake. The pressure should affect its hydroelectric potential up to 30%.
    • Furthermore, sediments accumulation exerts a strong pressure on the structure and could lead to its cracking.
    • Because the Eurasian and the Yangtze plate are not stable, the risk of an earthquake does exist. In recent years, low-magnitude earthquakes have produce landslides.
    • In the event of a large-scale one, the Dam breaking could happen.
    • Downstream the river, sediment played before a role of natural fertilizer. Because of their decrease, agrochemicals use should be now required. So it will intensify water pollution.
    • Already levels of phosphorus and nitrogen are twenty times higher than the standards. In addition, the sediment reduction may push back the River delta. Moreover, in winter, it accelerates saline groundwater within the delta.

  • Slide2

  • Slide3

  • ITgium Chang Jiang Sediment Treatment Implementation

    Slide4

    This innovative technology enables :
    ♦ Clear separation of the solid and liquid
    ♦ Clarified water can return directly to the medium,
    ♦ Volume of material to be treated reduced to a factor of 10,
    ♦ Mud dries much faster,
    ♦ Sludge that is quickly recoverable in different sectors.

  • ITgium SEDIGATE Sediment Deshydration 沉淀物 脱水

    Nemeau

    For the rivers, canals, dams, lakes and harbors dredging, through a mechanized dewatering continuous rate of 1000 m3/h, SEDIGATE has developed a new technology able to divide in a few minutes the volume of sediments dredged from the water.

  • Urban light energy saving

    telecharger-ville-de-lumiere-original-1

    • Surface area : 140 ha
    • Number of light sources : 274
    • Estimated Investment : $ 650,000
    • Return on Investment : 3 years
    • 20 to 30 % consumption reduction

  • Smart City Content 智慧城市

    Iskandar-Malaysia-1-537x331-537x250

    A city can be defined as ‘smart’ when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and engagement

  • Why a Smart City 智慧城市 ?

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    • Often due to the growing oriented population and in addition to the energy issues, cities face many problems in managing their resources (space, mobility, funding, etc..)
    • The answer : build an interactive smart city by integrating environmental issues can reduce the cost of the public equipment operating cost to 30% to 50%.

  • Smart cities six main dimensions

    dreamstime_9083449

    • Smart economy
    • Smart mobility
    • Smart environment
    • Smart people
    • Smart living
    • Smart governance

  • Smart City World Market

    smart-home-market-geography

  • Chinese Food Safety Law

    food-or-poison

    • A sweeping new Chinese food safety law enacted in the wake of several food safety incidents that tainted the “Made in China” brand worldwide.
    • This law toughens penalties against makers and traders of food, establishes a Cabinet-level food safety commission to improve coordination between departments and agencies, strengthens monitoring, streamlines food safety standards, establishes procedures for recalling substandard products and tightens import and export enforcement.
    • Regulations to implement the law are still being developed by the State Council.
    • For businesses operating in the food product supply chain, abiding by the food safety law and its implementing regulations may require additional resources and increase costs, especially in the short term.

  • Food Safety in China

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  • made in china-cs

  • Asbestos in China

    Affiche

    In China, until that day authorized, the asbestos material affects the following categories of people:
    • 120 000 workers in 31 asbestos mines
    • 1 M. workers in the chrysotile industrial production
    • 8 M. workers in manufacture hosting a high level of asbestos
    • 90 000 workers in ship breaking industries
    • 100 millions Chinese who lived daily under the asbestos threat in their housing

  • Asbestos in China

    Slide1

    Potential exposure to asbestos chrysotile in buildings could lead to physical disorders, costly diseases and death

  • Asbestos Death Toll in China

    Slide2

  • Asbestos and ship breaking industry

    06BST155N068GHISLAIN_MIRAT.jpg06BST155N068GHISLAIN_MIRAT.jpg

    Ship breaking industry in China
    • 180 companies
    • 1,800 000 workers
    • The shipping industry is the backbone of international trade.
    • It is also the source of major environmental toxins poisoning people and the planet.
    • A ship's life lasts for an average of 25 to 30 years after which they are no longer considered safe to sail.
    • 95% of these huge ships are made of valuable steel, which makes dismantling them to recover it, a lucrative prospect

  • Slide1

  • DJP ENERGY

    DJP

  • Slide1

  • Tags

  • ITGIUM PRESS

    Press Release

  • Slide2

  • ITGIUM INFO

    • Album : ITgium
      <b>Slide01</b> <br />
    • Album : Press Release : Shrimps diseases in China
      <b>Slide1</b> <br />
    • Album : Chemical disinfection
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    • Album : Saving energy
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    • Album : Urban planning
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    • Album : Sediment treatment and valorization
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  • ITGIUM ISSUES

  • World energy dramatic consumption increase…

    Slide03

  • …that cause serious consequences.

    Slide04

  • How can we reduce the energy consumption ?

    Slide2

  • Right approach : China Saving Energy Stiffer Law 严格 法律

    law-enforcement

    • Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC), the country's top legislature, has voted to adopt revisions to the Environmental Protection Law, enshrining environmental protection as the government's overriding priority, with specific articles and provisions on smog.
    • For the first time, the law has established clear requirements for ecological protection.

  • One solution : Saving Energy in Building 大楼 节约能源

    city_lights_energy_savings_roller_shutters

    • In a typical European household, well over half the money spent on fuel bills goes towards providing heating and hot water, so it makes sense to invest in the most energy-efficient heating system.
    • So the main sector of energy savings is found in the housing communities.

  • Concrete example : Housing Saving Energy (Tianjin 天津)

    Building

    • Location : Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū (滨海新区)
    • Building, 40 floors, 30 000 m2
    • Concern Equipment : Heating or Air Conditioning
    • Estimated investment cost : $ 10,000
    • Return on investment : 13 months
    • Estimated 3 years Energy savings : $ 50,000
    • White certificate earning : $ 3,500

  • Example : Boilers Saving Energy China Potential Market

    Reduce-enkkergy

    Considering surface of more than 5000 m2 :
    • 12 millions of device today in activity has to be checked.
    • 25 % has to be replaced.
    • 75 % has to be rejuvenated through a saving energy device.
    • China boilers with saving energy device implementation market is estimated to a level of 24 billions of yuans (2,3 Md US$).

  • Chaoyang Saving Energy Plan 節能 计划朝阳区 節能 计划

    untitldfsfed

    What could be for the 5 years to come a plan to slash the energy consumption and to reduce the CO2 emission in the Cháoyáng Qū ?
    A triple project target
    • A reduction of the pollution and the emission of CO2
    • Inhabitants of buildings will save money on their energy bill
    • The Municipality will get to a new source of income

  • Chaoyang Estimates Saving Energy Plan

    Slide3 copy

  • Saving Energy means Saving Money for your properties ! 节省

    Slide1

    How to save money and add value to your real estate through an ecological way ?
    5 five ways to do it !
    In Europe :
    (1) For the housing building equipped with saving energy devices, the market rental values, yields and acquisition prices have steadily increased :
    • 2011 : + 3 %
    • 2012 : + 2,7 %
    • 2013 : + 2,6 %
    (2) Those ones that haven’t such equipment have experienced a sharp decrease that intensified over the years :
    • 2011 : - 2 %
    • 2012 : - 2,6 %
    • 2013 : - 4,7 %

  • Europe Saving Energy Plan

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    (1) In Europe, residential building consumption represents 45 % of the total energy cost (2013).
    This is the main sector of energy savings.
    (2) Under the Renewable Energy Directive 2012/0288 (COD), the EU aims to get 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.

  • Carbon Trading : The White Certificate

    Carbon_trading

    • A white certificate, also referred to as an Energy Savings Certificate (ESC), is an instrument issued by an authorized body guaranteeing that a specified amount of energy savings has been achieved.
    • The white certificates are given to the producers whenever an amount of energy is saved whereupon the producer can use the certificate for their own target compliance or can be sold to (other) parties who cannot meet their targets.
    • Each certificate is a unique and traceable commodity carrying a property right over a certain amount of additional energy savings and guaranteeing that the benefit of these savings has not been accounted for elsewhere.

  • Saving Energy Regulation, examples

    Slide13

  • White certificate : How it works ?

    Slide14

  • China Science J

    China Science 中国 科学
    The "Four Great Inventions" (四大发明; sì dà fāmíng) are the
    • Compass 指南针 zhǐ nán zhēn
    • Gunpowder 火药 huǒ yào
    • Papermaking 造纸 zào zhǐ
    • Printing 印刷品 yìn shuā pǐn

  • Chinese History

    The China Way 中国 前景
    • 千里之行﹐始於足下。
    Qian li zhi xing, shi yu zu xia.
    A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
    老子 Laozi
    • 不管黑猫白猫,捉到老鼠就是好猫。
    Buguan hei mao bai mao, zhuo dao laoshu jiu shi hao mao.
    No matter if it is a white cat or a black cat; as long as it can catch mice, it is a good cat.
    邓小平 Dèng Xiǎopíng

  • Slide15

  • Urban Saving Energy Project

    Slide19

    • Designing a city-wide questionnaire survey upon heating equipment
    • Measuring the annual fuel utilization of housing communities
    • Establishing consumption categories and GHG emissions accounting methodology
    • Data processing and analysis of the survey results, including influencing factor analysis and profiling of low, medium and high GHG emission households and communities.
    • Estimates evaluation of today city energy global cost and saving energy estimates
    • Agenda statement
    • Implementation of the device according to a comprehensive plan

  • Estimates Saving Energy project

    Slide20

    During two months. The survey is engaged, district by district, during three months.

  • Saving Energy Solution : The DJP ENERGY experience

    Slide21

    • ECO REGULATOR - designed to cut back the energy cost on existing boilers in substantial housing estates and public amenities.
    • 20 % of Energy Saving on Boilers.

  • China CO2 Savings

    ChinaTelecomCO2savings

  • China Air Pollution Perspective

    china-air-pollution-db.png?w=984&h=746

  • GDP & Pollution Trend

    gdp--cars--so2--cod-in-china

  • China Air Pollution

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  • CO2 China Emission

    china-usa-india-carbon-dioxide-chart

  • Air Pollution effects

    HealthEffectsOfPM10Example.ashx

  • CO2 Diseases

    694px-Main_symptoms_of_carbon_dioxide_toxicity.svg

  • China Air Pollution Death Toll

    air_pollution_map-s

  • World Death Toll per area

    Screenshot-2014-03-25-at-1.52.12-PM

  • Tags

  • Méta

  • Site counters

China’s industrial parks pollution 工业园 污染

Posté par ITgium le 10 June 2014

Tianjin

Tianjin

China’s industrial parks are engines of the country’s booming economy, yet they also are major sources of pollution.

According to a report released recently by the China Environment Federation, a non-governmental organization administered by the country’s Department for the Environment, these large-scale production areas are directly linked to several recent scandals. Notable among these scandals are Dalian Petrol Industrial Park’s PX project and Xiqiao Industrial Park’s chromium pollution in Luliang County, Yunnan Province.

The Report on the Investigation of Environmental Problems in China’s Industrial Parks (hereafter referred to as “Report”) was produced by the Inspection Litigation Department within the Law Center of the China Environment Federation. The Report finds that more and more legal cases point to industrial parks as major sources of pollution.

To understand conditions in industrial parks, the Inspection Litigation Department of the China Environment Federation conducted an eight-month investigation in 2010 of 18 industrial parks in eight provinces.  The study included two national and seven provincial industrial parks, which are located along major rivers and other important sources of water.  According to the Report, all nine of these industrial parks generate water pollution; 78 percent of them give off air pollution and 17 percent produce solid waste pollution. The Report also states that thirteen industrial parks are suspected of emptying their waste water directly into rivers.

Ma Yong, Minister of the Inspection Litigation Department at the China Environment Federation’s Law Center, explains that the report was motivated by an increasing number of suits against industrial parks. In one case in Xiangshui County, Jiangsu Province, rumors of a toxic gas leak forced thousands of residents to flee their homes. In the chaos several dozen victims were arrested.

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The Report identifies serious pollution problems in the industrial parks and makes recommendations for their prevention. It finds that several common factors – or ‘deadly sins’ – account for the pollution generated by industrial parks.  One example of such a ‘sin’ is that Chinese law requires an Environmental Impact Assessment of every project before it is constructed, but the process for approving enterprises and ensuring that they meet environmental standards is ineffective. Furthermore, facilities built to mitigate pollution in the parks are not used adequately. Land resources also are wasted. Disputes over environmental standards are frequent, and regulations often are not enforced.  These conditions in the eighteen industrial parks under review suggest general trends in China’s other production areas.

According to incomplete statistics China has 2,000 industrial parks. Two hundred of them are administered at the national level.  Qiao Qi, Director of the Clean Production and Recycling Economic Research Center at China’s Environmental Science Research Institute, maintains that the total number of industrial parks now exceeds 7,000 if one also takes into account areas set aside for industrial production at the county and city levels.

Ma concedes that “many problems occur in the county-level industrial parks. Even though provincial and national industrial parks are administered more strictly, their problems should not be overlooked.” To illustrate his point, Ma points out that Leping Industrial Park, one of Jiangxi Province’s thirty industrial parks,  was established as  a model of its kind. Yet after seven years in operation, the water treatment plant built to support the area was not yet functioning.  At the time the Report was written, waste water continued to flow directly into Poyang Lake.

“The other industrial parks may be worse,” concludes Qiao, who was one of the authors of China’s Ecological Industrial Park Standards. Qiao has visited many production areas to research and explore them. She feels deceived when she hears managers talk about environmental protection.

Sewage Treatment Plants – Water Throughways

Of the 18 industrial parks investigated, 13 have supporting waste water treatment plants. But these facilities are used only occasionally, and in some cases, never at all.  Clearly they are built primarily for appearances.

The China Environment Federation found that the Environmental Impact Assessment process reveals when laws have been violated and authorities ignored. Industrial projects that need authorization from the national or provincial governments are divided into smaller projects for approval by county governments which use a simplified process. According to the Report, some enterprises treat their approval documents as a form of protection against inspections or as an endorsement to delay the construction of waste water treatment facilities.

Jinshan Industrial Park in Ganyu County, Lianyugang City, Jiangsu Province, is a typical case. The environmental report for one of its enterprises stated that no waste water would result from production; however, on June 22, 2010, the Ganyu County Environment Department fined this enterprise for discharging highly concentrated effluents.

To pass China’s Environmental Impact Assessment Standards, an industrial park must claim that its pollution prevention measures address 75 percent of its load. Though many enterprises handle far less than 75 percent, no projects seem to be stopped by these regulations.

Jiangjin Industrial Concentration Zone passed inspection long ago. Yet its water treatment plant was not operational until 2010. The zone simply reached an agreement with the local village committee to designate a mud flat as a waste water disposal area.

According to regulations, polluting enterprises have a one-year trial period during which pollution prevention facilities are exempted from inspection.  Yet some enterprises continue to operate as they did during this trial period, sometimes for as long as seven or eight years after opening.

Ye Zhengfang, a professor in the Environmental Engineering Department at Peking University, says that some sewage treatment plants have become mere “water throughways.” Effluents produced by industrial parks differ in composition, and the quality and quantity of water varies significantly. Most sewage treatment methods rely on an activated sludge process that involves sedimentation or trickling filtration. Ye explains that “this process lacks the ability to handle complicated chemical sewage.”

Xie Hui, president of Environmental Resources Management, a privately owned and managed consulting firm in China for businesses, industries and governments, finds that “many industrial parks which originally attracted enterprises producing electronics now also draw chemical and heavy metal enterprises.” Some industrial parks discharge their waste water with domestic sewage, which may actually dilute the concentration of heavy metals.

One environmentalist explains why  “water throughways” are able to meet official standards. There are dozens of sewage discharge indexes, but few of them are precisely measured. Only the chemical oxygen demand, or COD, ammonia and nitrogen are measured precisely.  Because conventional processing occurs, “COD alone meets the standard.”

According to Ma, “That is all the country does for environmental protection at present.” Breaking the law costs less than adhering to regulations. As a consequence, many enterprises prefer to pay a fine rather than invest in technologies to dispose of waste water properly. Ma realizes that some enterprises even take the fine into consideration when preparing their annual budget. Some even pay the fine for the whole year in advance.  In effect, they pay a “fine for the right to discharge [waste water] and what was illegal becomes legal.”

 

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