• ITGIUM TEAM

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  • 7 mai 2015

  • SEDIMENT 淤泥

    bandeau nemeau

  • ENERGY SAVINGS

    Itgium

  • URBAN PLANNING

    index-3

  • ITGIUM WORKS

  • jùn mǎ 俊 马 Speech at ITTC 2014 讲话

    Presentation ITTC

    • Speech of jùn mǎ at the International Technology Transfer in Beijing and Guiyang on April (ITTC 2014)
    • Topic: Energy savings solution along with a substantial diminution of carbon dioxide (CO2)
    • Session “Smart City and The City of Future Technology Innovation in China “.

  • ITGIUM FRENCH

    • Album : ITgium
      <b>Slide01</b> <br />
  • ITgium China Sediment

    Itgium China project

  • Chang Jiang Sediment Stock

    Slide2

    • No contaminated : 700 M m3
    • Slightly contaminated : 200 M m3
    • Heavily contaminated : 500 M m3

  • Chang Jiang Sediment Issue

    Slide1

    • Upstream the river, crossing the Tibetan plateau, sludge inflates the Chang Jiang. Due to an intense deforestation and desertification, soil is friable. Weakened banks permit landslides. Coupled with land overuse, sediment decreases the water velocity.
    • Each year, 500 million tons are deposited in the river gorges, including the retention lake. The pressure should affect its hydroelectric potential up to 30%.
    • Furthermore, sediments accumulation exerts a strong pressure on the structure and could lead to its cracking.
    • Because the Eurasian and the Yangtze plate are not stable, the risk of an earthquake does exist. In recent years, low-magnitude earthquakes have produce landslides.
    • In the event of a large-scale one, the Dam breaking could happen.
    • Downstream the river, sediment played before a role of natural fertilizer. Because of their decrease, agrochemicals use should be now required. So it will intensify water pollution.
    • Already levels of phosphorus and nitrogen are twenty times higher than the standards. In addition, the sediment reduction may push back the River delta. Moreover, in winter, it accelerates saline groundwater within the delta.

  • Slide2

  • Slide3

  • ITgium Chang Jiang Sediment Treatment Implementation

    Slide4

    This innovative technology enables :
    ♦ Clear separation of the solid and liquid
    ♦ Clarified water can return directly to the medium,
    ♦ Volume of material to be treated reduced to a factor of 10,
    ♦ Mud dries much faster,
    ♦ Sludge that is quickly recoverable in different sectors.

  • ITgium SEDIGATE Sediment Deshydration 沉淀物 脱水

    Nemeau

    For the rivers, canals, dams, lakes and harbors dredging, through a mechanized dewatering continuous rate of 1000 m3/h, SEDIGATE has developed a new technology able to divide in a few minutes the volume of sediments dredged from the water.

  • Urban light energy saving

    telecharger-ville-de-lumiere-original-1

    • Surface area : 140 ha
    • Number of light sources : 274
    • Estimated Investment : $ 650,000
    • Return on Investment : 3 years
    • 20 to 30 % consumption reduction

  • Smart City Content 智慧城市

    Iskandar-Malaysia-1-537x331-537x250

    A city can be defined as ‘smart’ when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and engagement

  • Why a Smart City 智慧城市 ?

    it_img01

    • Often due to the growing oriented population and in addition to the energy issues, cities face many problems in managing their resources (space, mobility, funding, etc..)
    • The answer : build an interactive smart city by integrating environmental issues can reduce the cost of the public equipment operating cost to 30% to 50%.

  • Smart cities six main dimensions

    dreamstime_9083449

    • Smart economy
    • Smart mobility
    • Smart environment
    • Smart people
    • Smart living
    • Smart governance

  • Smart City World Market

    smart-home-market-geography

  • Chinese Food Safety Law

    food-or-poison

    • A sweeping new Chinese food safety law enacted in the wake of several food safety incidents that tainted the “Made in China” brand worldwide.
    • This law toughens penalties against makers and traders of food, establishes a Cabinet-level food safety commission to improve coordination between departments and agencies, strengthens monitoring, streamlines food safety standards, establishes procedures for recalling substandard products and tightens import and export enforcement.
    • Regulations to implement the law are still being developed by the State Council.
    • For businesses operating in the food product supply chain, abiding by the food safety law and its implementing regulations may require additional resources and increase costs, especially in the short term.

  • Food Safety in China

    1341451668344_1341451668344_r

  • made in china-cs

  • Asbestos in China

    Affiche

    In China, until that day authorized, the asbestos material affects the following categories of people:
    • 120 000 workers in 31 asbestos mines
    • 1 M. workers in the chrysotile industrial production
    • 8 M. workers in manufacture hosting a high level of asbestos
    • 90 000 workers in ship breaking industries
    • 100 millions Chinese who lived daily under the asbestos threat in their housing

  • Asbestos in China

    Slide1

    Potential exposure to asbestos chrysotile in buildings could lead to physical disorders, costly diseases and death

  • Asbestos Death Toll in China

    Slide2

  • Asbestos and ship breaking industry

    06BST155N068GHISLAIN_MIRAT.jpg06BST155N068GHISLAIN_MIRAT.jpg

    Ship breaking industry in China
    • 180 companies
    • 1,800 000 workers
    • The shipping industry is the backbone of international trade.
    • It is also the source of major environmental toxins poisoning people and the planet.
    • A ship's life lasts for an average of 25 to 30 years after which they are no longer considered safe to sail.
    • 95% of these huge ships are made of valuable steel, which makes dismantling them to recover it, a lucrative prospect

  • Slide1

  • DJP ENERGY

    DJP

  • Slide1

  • Tags

  • ITGIUM PRESS

    Press Release

  • Slide2

  • ITGIUM INFO

    • Album : ITgium
      <b>Slide01</b> <br />
    • Album : Press Release : Shrimps diseases in China
      <b>Slide1</b> <br />
    • Album : Chemical disinfection
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    • Album : Saving energy
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    • Album : Urban planning
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    • Album : Sediment treatment and valorization
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  • ITGIUM ISSUES

  • World energy dramatic consumption increase…

    Slide03

  • …that cause serious consequences.

    Slide04

  • How can we reduce the energy consumption ?

    Slide2

  • Right approach : China Saving Energy Stiffer Law 严格 法律

    law-enforcement

    • Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC), the country's top legislature, has voted to adopt revisions to the Environmental Protection Law, enshrining environmental protection as the government's overriding priority, with specific articles and provisions on smog.
    • For the first time, the law has established clear requirements for ecological protection.

  • One solution : Saving Energy in Building 大楼 节约能源

    city_lights_energy_savings_roller_shutters

    • In a typical European household, well over half the money spent on fuel bills goes towards providing heating and hot water, so it makes sense to invest in the most energy-efficient heating system.
    • So the main sector of energy savings is found in the housing communities.

  • Concrete example : Housing Saving Energy (Tianjin 天津)

    Building

    • Location : Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū (滨海新区)
    • Building, 40 floors, 30 000 m2
    • Concern Equipment : Heating or Air Conditioning
    • Estimated investment cost : $ 10,000
    • Return on investment : 13 months
    • Estimated 3 years Energy savings : $ 50,000
    • White certificate earning : $ 3,500

  • Example : Boilers Saving Energy China Potential Market

    Reduce-enkkergy

    Considering surface of more than 5000 m2 :
    • 12 millions of device today in activity has to be checked.
    • 25 % has to be replaced.
    • 75 % has to be rejuvenated through a saving energy device.
    • China boilers with saving energy device implementation market is estimated to a level of 24 billions of yuans (2,3 Md US$).

  • Chaoyang Saving Energy Plan 節能 计划朝阳区 節能 计划

    untitldfsfed

    What could be for the 5 years to come a plan to slash the energy consumption and to reduce the CO2 emission in the Cháoyáng Qū ?
    A triple project target
    • A reduction of the pollution and the emission of CO2
    • Inhabitants of buildings will save money on their energy bill
    • The Municipality will get to a new source of income

  • Chaoyang Estimates Saving Energy Plan

    Slide3 copy

  • Saving Energy means Saving Money for your properties ! 节省

    Slide1

    How to save money and add value to your real estate through an ecological way ?
    5 five ways to do it !
    In Europe :
    (1) For the housing building equipped with saving energy devices, the market rental values, yields and acquisition prices have steadily increased :
    • 2011 : + 3 %
    • 2012 : + 2,7 %
    • 2013 : + 2,6 %
    (2) Those ones that haven’t such equipment have experienced a sharp decrease that intensified over the years :
    • 2011 : - 2 %
    • 2012 : - 2,6 %
    • 2013 : - 4,7 %

  • Europe Saving Energy Plan

    hgdfhgshdf

    (1) In Europe, residential building consumption represents 45 % of the total energy cost (2013).
    This is the main sector of energy savings.
    (2) Under the Renewable Energy Directive 2012/0288 (COD), the EU aims to get 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.

  • Carbon Trading : The White Certificate

    Carbon_trading

    • A white certificate, also referred to as an Energy Savings Certificate (ESC), is an instrument issued by an authorized body guaranteeing that a specified amount of energy savings has been achieved.
    • The white certificates are given to the producers whenever an amount of energy is saved whereupon the producer can use the certificate for their own target compliance or can be sold to (other) parties who cannot meet their targets.
    • Each certificate is a unique and traceable commodity carrying a property right over a certain amount of additional energy savings and guaranteeing that the benefit of these savings has not been accounted for elsewhere.

  • Saving Energy Regulation, examples

    Slide13

  • White certificate : How it works ?

    Slide14

  • China Science J

    China Science 中国 科学
    The "Four Great Inventions" (四大发明; sì dà fāmíng) are the
    • Compass 指南针 zhǐ nán zhēn
    • Gunpowder 火药 huǒ yào
    • Papermaking 造纸 zào zhǐ
    • Printing 印刷品 yìn shuā pǐn

  • Chinese History

    The China Way 中国 前景
    • 千里之行﹐始於足下。
    Qian li zhi xing, shi yu zu xia.
    A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
    老子 Laozi
    • 不管黑猫白猫,捉到老鼠就是好猫。
    Buguan hei mao bai mao, zhuo dao laoshu jiu shi hao mao.
    No matter if it is a white cat or a black cat; as long as it can catch mice, it is a good cat.
    邓小平 Dèng Xiǎopíng

  • Slide15

  • Urban Saving Energy Project

    Slide19

    • Designing a city-wide questionnaire survey upon heating equipment
    • Measuring the annual fuel utilization of housing communities
    • Establishing consumption categories and GHG emissions accounting methodology
    • Data processing and analysis of the survey results, including influencing factor analysis and profiling of low, medium and high GHG emission households and communities.
    • Estimates evaluation of today city energy global cost and saving energy estimates
    • Agenda statement
    • Implementation of the device according to a comprehensive plan

  • Estimates Saving Energy project

    Slide20

    During two months. The survey is engaged, district by district, during three months.

  • Saving Energy Solution : The DJP ENERGY experience

    Slide21

    • ECO REGULATOR - designed to cut back the energy cost on existing boilers in substantial housing estates and public amenities.
    • 20 % of Energy Saving on Boilers.

  • China CO2 Savings

    ChinaTelecomCO2savings

  • China Air Pollution Perspective

    china-air-pollution-db.png?w=984&h=746

  • GDP & Pollution Trend

    gdp--cars--so2--cod-in-china

  • China Air Pollution

    030614_chinapollution_figure

  • CO2 China Emission

    china-usa-india-carbon-dioxide-chart

  • Air Pollution effects

    HealthEffectsOfPM10Example.ashx

  • CO2 Diseases

    694px-Main_symptoms_of_carbon_dioxide_toxicity.svg

  • China Air Pollution Death Toll

    air_pollution_map-s

  • World Death Toll per area

    Screenshot-2014-03-25-at-1.52.12-PM

  • Tags

  • Méta

  • Site counters

Chinese government declared war on pollution : New Law and pending issues

Posté par ITgium le 29 August 2014

china-pollution-beijing

china-pollution-beijing

jùn mǎ (俊 马)

Chinese government declared war on pollution

After the central government declared war on pollution, the legislative process churned out an amendment to the country’s Environmental Law in April which determined that polluting enterprises could now face even harsher punishments if they choose to pollute their way to profit.

The amendment also gives enforcement personnel the power to shut down heavy polluters if violators fail to comply with environmental regulations. But just because there are laws in place doesn’t mean that the desired outcome will be achieved.

Gavel and law book isolated on white background. Shallow DOF

The new law’s content

The new law’s content

The new law has a number of provisions that are significant changes form before.

There is a lot of attention paid to fines per day.

Previously, if a polluter violated the law they would be fined once and there would be no additional incentive for them to come into compliance more quickly.

So now, for each day that a polluter continues to violate they can be fined in additional amounts and the fines increase, the longer it takes for them to come into compliance.

There are some interesting enforcement provisions, such as the right to detain persistent violators for 15 days, very interesting provisions on open information, public participation and public interest litigation. The big question is how these will be implemented.

One of the fundamental problems in the past in China was that the punishments for environmental violations were just not very significant. So, the new law is good in that it gives stronger authorities for punishment.

So, the penalty must be high enough to make sure that not only will polluters not benefit at all but also they will pay a serious price. But that’s only one step. In the actual judicial cases, when the cases are brought to the court, you need to make sure that the judiciary will actually implement and enforce it and make sure they pay a big price for polluting the environment.

Under the new law, more NGOs have been granted the standing to bring litigation on behalf of public interest. That’s definitely a plus.

Chinese government declared war on pollution : New Law and pending issues dans China environment governance index

China supreme court

Supreme court issues environmental guidelines

China’s top court issued a guideline on the environment aiming to improve the quality of related court cases and provide legal protection for the country’s ecology.

At the same time, the Supreme People’s Court has established of its tribunal to hear cases relating to the environment and resources.

The court said it set up the environment and resources tribunal because of more complicated environmental disputes and increasingly severe pollution problems.

Many local governments have established environmental courts or tribunals already, with their number reaching more than 130 nationwide since 2007.

The top court said its guideline and tribunal establishment will provide a standard for hearing environmental disputes across the country, and ensure victims of pollution receive compensation.

clipboard

Pending issues

Pending issues : Further changes that are still needed

(1) Problems with Enforcing the Law : the Weakness of chinese today courts

Courts have been very weak and have not been willing to sometimes even accept cases that affect very valuable economic interests. It’s an open question as to whether courts can play a greater role in the future, and I hope they do.

The other possibility is can the environmental regulators really withstand the pressure from economic interests and other vested interests and actually enforce?

In the past few decades, it’s been very difficult for the local regulators to do it and the central agency hasn’t had enough resources to really enforce. So that’s an open question as to whether that will change. In particular, will the central agency get enough resources to really put some pressure on local polluters?

This actually goes to the essence of the whole legal enforcement and the effectiveness of the legal system. You need to have a real consciousness about the rule of law. If all people take the rule of law seriously, then they will implement the law properly, no matter whether it’s the government or the polluters.

Take Hong Kong as a comparison, if you ask the law enforcement agency, their position is very clear, we don’t have any views ourselves but our role here is to enforce the law.

Whatever the law says then we will enforce it, if there’s something wrong about the law then you go to the legislature. In Hong Kong, the rule of law concept is taken seriously by the people.

daxiang_district_gov_building_shaoyang_hunan

(2) The local government issue

(2) Local government

In China, that’s still a serious problem because the local government and other various vested interest groups, once their interests are in concern they simply may ignore the law or put pressure on the judiciary not to enforce the law properly.

But the big question is will local regulators use those authorities? In the past, when fines were capped at a relatively low level, local regulators wouldn’t even issue fines up to that very low cap.

This has to do with issues of local protectionism; is the local regulator free to enforce strongly when local governments feel a lot of pressure to push very rapid economic development?

Those kinds of structural tensions in the past have limited the ability of regulators to enforce strongly, so the law is very good in that it expands on authority and takes away the legal barrier for stronger enforcement, but the question is, politically and as a matter of practice and implementation, can the local regulators use these new authorities?

really_good_careers_color

Career

(3) The specific problem of the Leaders political career

I think the root cause behind (the lack of political will) is the political careers of the leaders. Take the local government for example, or even the central government, the possibility is if you have a very clear and strict rule, have a bubble there saying this is the total amount of water pollution for example; you cannot exceed, anybody who exceeds this then we will not approve.

The consequence is that local GDP may not increase as much as you want and if you don’t get that increase maybe you wouldn’t get promoted. So that sort of consideration will affect the political will

Le-recrutement-fait-recette_article_top

Recruiting efficient people

(4) Lack of personnel in the China’s environmental agencies

Overseeing China’s immense industrial sector requires a legion of enforcement personnel, but the number of people available to China’s environmental agencies is just a small fraction compared to that of the United States’ Environmental Protection Agency.

From a governmental standpoint, enhancing environmental protection requires a great deal of political will at the local level; something that has been severely lacking in the past. Meanwhile, the amended law tries to encourage more public participation but lawsuits launched by individuals against polluting industries often lack potency and struggle to overcome the vested interests.

If you don’t have enough law enforcement officers to enforce the law then no matter how good the law is it won’t be able to be enforced.

Law enforcement should come from two angles, one is the pro-active approach taken by the environmental protection agencies at various levels.

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(5) The role of the Ministry of Environmental Protection

Take the issue of local protection. Local governments in China often feel a lot of pressure to prioritize economic development over environmental protection.

In the US, a big change came in the 1970s when the federal government took a much stronger hand in monitoring and enforcing.

So, the equivalent in China would be if the Ministry of Environmental Protection had more resources and a greater ability to take a look at local implementation and define the places where there’s very bad local implementation and punish the local governments and local polluters.

China smog

China smog

(6) The Problem with Public Participation

A critical element in just about any country’s environmental protection is the role of the public.

Local people who are affected by pollution are the ones that care the most about reducing pollution. If citizens are able to identify problems and have their voices heard, to help put some pressure on polluters to reduce their pollution; that can be an extremely powerful force.

The problem in the past was in terms of priorities, economic development trumped environmental protection.

If citizens wrote articles or talked to the media and raised objections, most of the time those objections were not heard; so there was no response to them to improve environmental projects.

The result is the public feels that the official channels are not responsive. Potential options are the courts – Will courts be able to make difficult decisions against polluting factories? The history has not been good on this.

children-wear-masks-as-a-008-300x180 dans China environment governance

Pollution in Tiananmen Square

(7) What kind of Involvement of the public ?

What’s very promising about the environmental area is that there has been the space for the public to get involved.

There are more NGOs probably in the environmental area than in any other topic area.

They’ve been very active in educating the public and also advocating for policy changes for better environmental reinforcement. Citizens are very interested in having a clean environment, so they’ve been very active even if they’re not experts. There are dozens if not hundreds of cases every few months, every year in China where the public gets involved and tries to affect the way the polluters behave.

If the public is allowed to continue to do this, and educate themselves to get the information they need to understand what the problems are, and also to mobilize to express their views and create some pressure for better enforcement, I think that will be a really critical element, and will be essential if China wants to turn around its environmental performance.

If we use (the public) properly, it can compensate to a certain extent the shortage of staff at environmental protection agencies.

 

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