Press Release

  • jùn mǎ Speech at ITTC

    Presentation ITTC

    • Speech of jùn mǎ at the International Technology Transfer in Beijing and Guiyang on April (ITTC 2014)
    • Topic: Energy savings solution along with a substantial diminution of carbon dioxide (CO2)
    • Session “Smart City and The City of Future Technology Innovation in China “.

  • Slide2


    • Album : ITgium
      <b>Slide01</b> <br />
    • Album : Press Release : Shrimps diseases in China
      <b>Slide1</b> <br />
    • Album : Chemical disinfection
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    • Album : Saving energy
      <b>20140415_080014(1) copy</b> <br />
    • Album : Urban planning
      <b>IMG_2389</b> <br />
    • Album : Sediment treatment and valorization
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  • World energy dramatic consumption increase…


  • …that cause serious consequences.


  • How can we reduce the energy consumption ?


  • Right approach : China Saving Energy Stiffer Law 严格 法律


    • Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC), the country's top legislature, has voted to adopt revisions to the Environmental Protection Law, enshrining environmental protection as the government's overriding priority, with specific articles and provisions on smog.
    • For the first time, the law has established clear requirements for ecological protection.

  • One solution : Saving Energy in Building 大楼 节约能源


    • In a typical European household, well over half the money spent on fuel bills goes towards providing heating and hot water, so it makes sense to invest in the most energy-efficient heating system.
    • So the main sector of energy savings is found in the housing communities.

  • Concrete example : Housing Saving Energy (Tianjin 天津)


    • Location : Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū (滨海新区)
    • Building, 40 floors, 30 000 m2
    • Concern Equipment : Heating or Air Conditioning
    • Estimated investment cost : $ 10,000
    • Return on investment : 13 months
    • Estimated 3 years Energy savings : $ 50,000
    • White certificate earning : $ 3,500

  • Example : Boilers Saving Energy China Potential Market


    Considering surface of more than 5000 m2 :
    • 12 millions of device today in activity has to be checked.
    • 25 % has to be replaced.
    • 75 % has to be rejuvenated through a saving energy device.
    • China boilers with saving energy device implementation market is estimated to a level of 24 billions of yuans (2,3 Md US$).

  • Chaoyang Saving Energy Plan 節能 计划朝阳区 節能 计划


    What could be for the 5 years to come a plan to slash the energy consumption and to reduce the CO2 emission in the Cháoyáng Qū ?
    A triple project target
    • A reduction of the pollution and the emission of CO2
    • Inhabitants of buildings will save money on their energy bill
    • The Municipality will get to a new source of income

  • Chaoyang Estimates Saving Energy Plan

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  • Saving Energy means Saving Money for your properties ! 节省


    How to save money and add value to your real estate through an ecological way ?
    5 five ways to do it !
    In Europe :
    (1) For the housing building equipped with saving energy devices, the market rental values, yields and acquisition prices have steadily increased :
    • 2011 : + 3 %
    • 2012 : + 2,7 %
    • 2013 : + 2,6 %
    (2) Those ones that haven’t such equipment have experienced a sharp decrease that intensified over the years :
    • 2011 : - 2 %
    • 2012 : - 2,6 %
    • 2013 : - 4,7 %

  • Europe Saving Energy Plan


    (1) In Europe, residential building consumption represents 45 % of the total energy cost (2013).
    This is the main sector of energy savings.
    (2) Under the Renewable Energy Directive 2012/0288 (COD), the EU aims to get 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.

  • Carbon Trading : The White Certificate


    • A white certificate, also referred to as an Energy Savings Certificate (ESC), is an instrument issued by an authorized body guaranteeing that a specified amount of energy savings has been achieved.
    • The white certificates are given to the producers whenever an amount of energy is saved whereupon the producer can use the certificate for their own target compliance or can be sold to (other) parties who cannot meet their targets.
    • Each certificate is a unique and traceable commodity carrying a property right over a certain amount of additional energy savings and guaranteeing that the benefit of these savings has not been accounted for elsewhere.

  • Saving Energy Regulation, examples


  • White certificate : How it works ?


  • China Science J

    China Science 中国 科学
    The "Four Great Inventions" (四大发明; sì dà fāmíng) are the
    • Compass 指南针 zhǐ nán zhēn
    • Gunpowder 火药 huǒ yào
    • Papermaking 造纸 zào zhǐ
    • Printing 印刷品 yìn shuā pǐn

  • Chinese History

    The China Way 中国 前景
    • 千里之行﹐始於足下。
    Qian li zhi xing, shi yu zu xia.
    A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
    老子 Laozi
    • 不管黑猫白猫,捉到老鼠就是好猫。
    Buguan hei mao bai mao, zhuo dao laoshu jiu shi hao mao.
    No matter if it is a white cat or a black cat; as long as it can catch mice, it is a good cat.
    邓小平 Dèng Xiǎopíng

  • Slide15

  • Urban Saving Energy Project


    • Designing a city-wide questionnaire survey upon heating equipment
    • Measuring the annual fuel utilization of housing communities
    • Establishing consumption categories and GHG emissions accounting methodology
    • Data processing and analysis of the survey results, including influencing factor analysis and profiling of low, medium and high GHG emission households and communities.
    • Estimates evaluation of today city energy global cost and saving energy estimates
    • Agenda statement
    • Implementation of the device according to a comprehensive plan

  • Estimates Saving Energy project


    During two months. The survey is engaged, district by district, during three months.

  • Saving Energy Solution : The DJP ENERGY experience


    • ECO REGULATOR - designed to cut back the energy cost on existing boilers in substantial housing estates and public amenities.
    • 20 % of Energy Saving on Boilers.

  • China CO2 Savings


  • China Air Pollution Perspective


  • GDP & Pollution Trend


  • China Air Pollution


  • CO2 China Emission


  • Air Pollution effects


  • CO2 Diseases


  • China Air Pollution Death Toll


  • World Death Toll per area


  • Tags

  • Méta

  • Site counters

Food safety in China (shí pǐn ān quán 食品安全)

Posté par ITgium le 4 September 2014


Food Safety in China

jùn mǎ (俊 马)*

In many ways, the evolution of Chinese agriculture over the past 40 years is a remarkable success story.

First, after a long time fighting food shortages, China has been self-sufficient in food since 1995.

Later, spurred by investments in research and government subsidies for fertilizers and other farm technologies, China now feeds 22% of the world’s population on just 9% of its total arable land.

There were a total 400 000 food producing or processing entities in China in 2016.

About 35 percent of China’s labor force is in agriculture (compared to 2.5 percent in the U.S.). There are 425 million agricultural workers (200 million farming households) in China.

Food safety in China (shí pǐn ān quán 食品安全) dans Food contamination in China fig3_seasons-300x288

Agriculture seasons

Thus, despite achievements, the nation will continue to have a hard time ensuring food safety for a quite long time.

China’s food security is being challenged by a mix of factors, including rising demand, rapid urbanization, scarce natural resources and agricultural labor, and greater risk of food safety and environmental problems.

To make the nation’s food supplies safer in 2018, the authorities will carry out campaigns targeting six sectors: the rural food market, dairy products, edible oil, liquor, seasonal and festive food as well as food additive management, according to a statement released after Tuesday’s national work conference on food safety supervision.

food-poison-170x300 dans Food Safety in Beijing


Increasing public awareness

Public demand for improvements in the management of food safety risks is increasing faster than the capacity to provide them.

It is fueled partly by the media focus on problems that involve acute outbreaks of food-related illness and on diseases like cancer that have a high “dread risk” factor, as well as by growing awareness of the impacts of environmental degradation on health more generally.

Public anxiety is heightened by the lack of reliable public information or risk communication, and by evidence of official corruption associated with some food safety problems.

Although the need for greater public over sight is recognized, there is a lack of formal mechanisms, such as consumer associations, to enable it.



Today situation in China, some painful examples

Food safety in China through four examples: heavy metal pollution, pesticides and veterinary drugs

(1) Contamination of food by heavy metals (particularly cadmium, lead, mercury and arsenic) is of great concern because it affects staple foods including rice and vegetables and has severe health effects.

The presence of heavy metals in the food production environment can be due partly to high background levels, but is often caused or exacerbated by pollution from mining.

pesticides_on_food-300x215 dans Food Safety in China

Pesticides on food

(2) Pesticide residues and veterinary drugs both represent cases in which food safety risks have emerged as side effects of the intensification of agricultural production.

The rapid increase in agricultural productivity has been accompanied by an increase in the use of chemical inputs, and the overuse of pesticides in particular is recognized to be a serious problem.

The overuse of veterinary drugs is an issue of particular concern from a long-term public health perspective because it contributes to the genetic selection of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), which may render ineffective drugs commonly used to combat disease in humans as well as animals.

chinese-court-300x191 dans Food safety in Shanghai

chinese court

Tightening controls on the rise

Although the government has done much to enforce and supervise the application of the food hygiene law, the food safety situation in China today remains unsatisfactory.

Most were medium-sized or small, from which most food with safety problems originated.

Although Chinese are becoming rich, the average income of rural resident is only 1500 Yuan (US$ 180).

By latest official count in 2016, a total of 80,000 cases concerning substandard food were spotted in 2016, underscoring the severity of China’s food safety problem.

The authorities ordered 60,000 businesses found illegally operating without licenses to cease production, while revoking the business licenses of 576 operators during the period, according to the State Administration for Industry and Commerce.

A total of 300 cases were handed over to judicial organs during the period.



Nation’s food safety supervision network remains weak

Given China’s vast size, how to supervise so many small food producers is a massive challenge for the government. This is a common challenge for most developing countries, where most food producers are medium-sized or small businesses, lacking the ability and resources to implement self-management in food safety.

In addition to that, in China there is no unified administrative organ with the authority to deal with all the issues relating to food safety.

Even remarkable progress had been made in improving the nation’s food safety supervision network the current system still does not fit in with actual demand, noting that supervision at grassroots levels is extremely weak and that more efforts are needed to improve supervision and emergency handling capabilities.


Farmers in China

Farmers lack of knowledge is a complex issue

Problems remained at deep administrative levels, as a large number of food producers and catering operators are running small-scale businesses and some consumers lack knowledge and safety awareness.

Farmer have suffered in modern China. Onw small factory owner told National Geographic, “Farmers find it hard to survive in an industrialized society. Farmer want to work in the factories, but transition is difficult and few of them adjust. They have no skills. They lack education. They lack the attitude one needs to learn. They have no sense of time, of living by the clock.” The small-scale farmer is largely seen as a dying breed in China, made up mostly of the elderly left behind in the mass exodus of migrant workers to much higher-paying jobs in industrial cities.


china agriculture

Historical problem : the choice between food security and grain self-sufficiency

We must remember that China began to regulate food safety immediately following the resolution of its food shortages.

Though it deserves the highest priority, food security does not equal grain self-sufficiency. In addition to growing challenges, China remains home to the second largest population of undernourished people in the world (160 million or about 11 percent of the country’s population).

Besides, a large number of people in China suffer from lack of micronutrients in their diet, the so-called hidden hunger. Striking an efficient balance between grain self-sufficiency and food security is thus important to get on the road to food security.


Food Safety

The recourse to importation

The No 1 Central Document says the extent of China’s grain sufficiency will be somewhat relaxed and the import structure optimized. This is a welcome move. Such a policy will allow China to make better use of the international market. It will also facilitate improved allocation of resources among different commodities.

Self-sufficiency targeted to specific food grains such as rice and wheat in which China has an advantage, can protect domestic consumers from volatile international grain markets and thus promote social stability.

* Francois de la Chevalerie


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