• ITGIUM TEAM

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  • 7 mai 2015

  • SEDIMENT 淤泥

    bandeau nemeau

  • ENERGY SAVINGS

    Itgium

  • URBAN PLANNING

    index-3

  • ITGIUM WORKS

  • jùn mǎ 俊 马 Speech at ITTC 2014 讲话

    Presentation ITTC

    • Speech of jùn mǎ at the International Technology Transfer in Beijing and Guiyang on April (ITTC 2014)
    • Topic: Energy savings solution along with a substantial diminution of carbon dioxide (CO2)
    • Session “Smart City and The City of Future Technology Innovation in China “.

  • ITGIUM FRENCH

    • Album : ITgium
      <b>Slide01</b> <br />
  • ITgium China Sediment

    Itgium China project

  • Chang Jiang Sediment Stock

    Slide2

    • No contaminated : 700 M m3
    • Slightly contaminated : 200 M m3
    • Heavily contaminated : 500 M m3

  • Chang Jiang Sediment Issue

    Slide1

    • Upstream the river, crossing the Tibetan plateau, sludge inflates the Chang Jiang. Due to an intense deforestation and desertification, soil is friable. Weakened banks permit landslides. Coupled with land overuse, sediment decreases the water velocity.
    • Each year, 500 million tons are deposited in the river gorges, including the retention lake. The pressure should affect its hydroelectric potential up to 30%.
    • Furthermore, sediments accumulation exerts a strong pressure on the structure and could lead to its cracking.
    • Because the Eurasian and the Yangtze plate are not stable, the risk of an earthquake does exist. In recent years, low-magnitude earthquakes have produce landslides.
    • In the event of a large-scale one, the Dam breaking could happen.
    • Downstream the river, sediment played before a role of natural fertilizer. Because of their decrease, agrochemicals use should be now required. So it will intensify water pollution.
    • Already levels of phosphorus and nitrogen are twenty times higher than the standards. In addition, the sediment reduction may push back the River delta. Moreover, in winter, it accelerates saline groundwater within the delta.

  • Slide2

  • Slide3

  • ITgium Chang Jiang Sediment Treatment Implementation

    Slide4

    This innovative technology enables :
    ♦ Clear separation of the solid and liquid
    ♦ Clarified water can return directly to the medium,
    ♦ Volume of material to be treated reduced to a factor of 10,
    ♦ Mud dries much faster,
    ♦ Sludge that is quickly recoverable in different sectors.

  • ITgium SEDIGATE Sediment Deshydration 沉淀物 脱水

    Nemeau

    For the rivers, canals, dams, lakes and harbors dredging, through a mechanized dewatering continuous rate of 1000 m3/h, SEDIGATE has developed a new technology able to divide in a few minutes the volume of sediments dredged from the water.

  • Urban light energy saving

    telecharger-ville-de-lumiere-original-1

    • Surface area : 140 ha
    • Number of light sources : 274
    • Estimated Investment : $ 650,000
    • Return on Investment : 3 years
    • 20 to 30 % consumption reduction

  • Smart City Content 智慧城市

    Iskandar-Malaysia-1-537x331-537x250

    A city can be defined as ‘smart’ when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and engagement

  • Why a Smart City 智慧城市 ?

    it_img01

    • Often due to the growing oriented population and in addition to the energy issues, cities face many problems in managing their resources (space, mobility, funding, etc..)
    • The answer : build an interactive smart city by integrating environmental issues can reduce the cost of the public equipment operating cost to 30% to 50%.

  • Smart cities six main dimensions

    dreamstime_9083449

    • Smart economy
    • Smart mobility
    • Smart environment
    • Smart people
    • Smart living
    • Smart governance

  • Smart City World Market

    smart-home-market-geography

  • Chinese Food Safety Law

    food-or-poison

    • A sweeping new Chinese food safety law enacted in the wake of several food safety incidents that tainted the “Made in China” brand worldwide.
    • This law toughens penalties against makers and traders of food, establishes a Cabinet-level food safety commission to improve coordination between departments and agencies, strengthens monitoring, streamlines food safety standards, establishes procedures for recalling substandard products and tightens import and export enforcement.
    • Regulations to implement the law are still being developed by the State Council.
    • For businesses operating in the food product supply chain, abiding by the food safety law and its implementing regulations may require additional resources and increase costs, especially in the short term.

  • Food Safety in China

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  • made in china-cs

  • Asbestos in China

    Affiche

    In China, until that day authorized, the asbestos material affects the following categories of people:
    • 120 000 workers in 31 asbestos mines
    • 1 M. workers in the chrysotile industrial production
    • 8 M. workers in manufacture hosting a high level of asbestos
    • 90 000 workers in ship breaking industries
    • 100 millions Chinese who lived daily under the asbestos threat in their housing

  • Asbestos in China

    Slide1

    Potential exposure to asbestos chrysotile in buildings could lead to physical disorders, costly diseases and death

  • Asbestos Death Toll in China

    Slide2

  • Asbestos and ship breaking industry

    06BST155N068GHISLAIN_MIRAT.jpg06BST155N068GHISLAIN_MIRAT.jpg

    Ship breaking industry in China
    • 180 companies
    • 1,800 000 workers
    • The shipping industry is the backbone of international trade.
    • It is also the source of major environmental toxins poisoning people and the planet.
    • A ship's life lasts for an average of 25 to 30 years after which they are no longer considered safe to sail.
    • 95% of these huge ships are made of valuable steel, which makes dismantling them to recover it, a lucrative prospect

  • Slide1

  • DJP ENERGY

    DJP

  • Slide1

  • Tags

  • ITGIUM PRESS

    Press Release

  • Slide2

  • ITGIUM INFO

    • Album : ITgium
      <b>Slide01</b> <br />
    • Album : Press Release : Shrimps diseases in China
      <b>Slide1</b> <br />
    • Album : Chemical disinfection
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    • Album : Saving energy
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    • Album : Urban planning
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    • Album : Sediment treatment and valorization
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  • ITGIUM ISSUES

  • World energy dramatic consumption increase…

    Slide03

  • …that cause serious consequences.

    Slide04

  • How can we reduce the energy consumption ?

    Slide2

  • Right approach : China Saving Energy Stiffer Law 严格 法律

    law-enforcement

    • Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC), the country's top legislature, has voted to adopt revisions to the Environmental Protection Law, enshrining environmental protection as the government's overriding priority, with specific articles and provisions on smog.
    • For the first time, the law has established clear requirements for ecological protection.

  • One solution : Saving Energy in Building 大楼 节约能源

    city_lights_energy_savings_roller_shutters

    • In a typical European household, well over half the money spent on fuel bills goes towards providing heating and hot water, so it makes sense to invest in the most energy-efficient heating system.
    • So the main sector of energy savings is found in the housing communities.

  • Concrete example : Housing Saving Energy (Tianjin 天津)

    Building

    • Location : Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū (滨海新区)
    • Building, 40 floors, 30 000 m2
    • Concern Equipment : Heating or Air Conditioning
    • Estimated investment cost : $ 10,000
    • Return on investment : 13 months
    • Estimated 3 years Energy savings : $ 50,000
    • White certificate earning : $ 3,500

  • Example : Boilers Saving Energy China Potential Market

    Reduce-enkkergy

    Considering surface of more than 5000 m2 :
    • 12 millions of device today in activity has to be checked.
    • 25 % has to be replaced.
    • 75 % has to be rejuvenated through a saving energy device.
    • China boilers with saving energy device implementation market is estimated to a level of 24 billions of yuans (2,3 Md US$).

  • Chaoyang Saving Energy Plan 節能 计划朝阳区 節能 计划

    untitldfsfed

    What could be for the 5 years to come a plan to slash the energy consumption and to reduce the CO2 emission in the Cháoyáng Qū ?
    A triple project target
    • A reduction of the pollution and the emission of CO2
    • Inhabitants of buildings will save money on their energy bill
    • The Municipality will get to a new source of income

  • Chaoyang Estimates Saving Energy Plan

    Slide3 copy

  • Saving Energy means Saving Money for your properties ! 节省

    Slide1

    How to save money and add value to your real estate through an ecological way ?
    5 five ways to do it !
    In Europe :
    (1) For the housing building equipped with saving energy devices, the market rental values, yields and acquisition prices have steadily increased :
    • 2011 : + 3 %
    • 2012 : + 2,7 %
    • 2013 : + 2,6 %
    (2) Those ones that haven’t such equipment have experienced a sharp decrease that intensified over the years :
    • 2011 : - 2 %
    • 2012 : - 2,6 %
    • 2013 : - 4,7 %

  • Europe Saving Energy Plan

    hgdfhgshdf

    (1) In Europe, residential building consumption represents 45 % of the total energy cost (2013).
    This is the main sector of energy savings.
    (2) Under the Renewable Energy Directive 2012/0288 (COD), the EU aims to get 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.

  • Carbon Trading : The White Certificate

    Carbon_trading

    • A white certificate, also referred to as an Energy Savings Certificate (ESC), is an instrument issued by an authorized body guaranteeing that a specified amount of energy savings has been achieved.
    • The white certificates are given to the producers whenever an amount of energy is saved whereupon the producer can use the certificate for their own target compliance or can be sold to (other) parties who cannot meet their targets.
    • Each certificate is a unique and traceable commodity carrying a property right over a certain amount of additional energy savings and guaranteeing that the benefit of these savings has not been accounted for elsewhere.

  • Saving Energy Regulation, examples

    Slide13

  • White certificate : How it works ?

    Slide14

  • China Science J

    China Science 中国 科学
    The "Four Great Inventions" (四大发明; sì dà fāmíng) are the
    • Compass 指南针 zhǐ nán zhēn
    • Gunpowder 火药 huǒ yào
    • Papermaking 造纸 zào zhǐ
    • Printing 印刷品 yìn shuā pǐn

  • Chinese History

    The China Way 中国 前景
    • 千里之行﹐始於足下。
    Qian li zhi xing, shi yu zu xia.
    A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
    老子 Laozi
    • 不管黑猫白猫,捉到老鼠就是好猫。
    Buguan hei mao bai mao, zhuo dao laoshu jiu shi hao mao.
    No matter if it is a white cat or a black cat; as long as it can catch mice, it is a good cat.
    邓小平 Dèng Xiǎopíng

  • Slide15

  • Urban Saving Energy Project

    Slide19

    • Designing a city-wide questionnaire survey upon heating equipment
    • Measuring the annual fuel utilization of housing communities
    • Establishing consumption categories and GHG emissions accounting methodology
    • Data processing and analysis of the survey results, including influencing factor analysis and profiling of low, medium and high GHG emission households and communities.
    • Estimates evaluation of today city energy global cost and saving energy estimates
    • Agenda statement
    • Implementation of the device according to a comprehensive plan

  • Estimates Saving Energy project

    Slide20

    During two months. The survey is engaged, district by district, during three months.

  • Saving Energy Solution : The DJP ENERGY experience

    Slide21

    • ECO REGULATOR - designed to cut back the energy cost on existing boilers in substantial housing estates and public amenities.
    • 20 % of Energy Saving on Boilers.

  • China CO2 Savings

    ChinaTelecomCO2savings

  • China Air Pollution Perspective

    china-air-pollution-db.png?w=984&h=746

  • GDP & Pollution Trend

    gdp--cars--so2--cod-in-china

  • China Air Pollution

    030614_chinapollution_figure

  • CO2 China Emission

    china-usa-india-carbon-dioxide-chart

  • Air Pollution effects

    HealthEffectsOfPM10Example.ashx

  • CO2 Diseases

    694px-Main_symptoms_of_carbon_dioxide_toxicity.svg

  • China Air Pollution Death Toll

    air_pollution_map-s

  • World Death Toll per area

    Screenshot-2014-03-25-at-1.52.12-PM

  • Tags

  • Méta

  • Site counters

Food safety in China (shí pǐn ān quán 食品安全)

Posté par ITgium le 4 September 2014

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Food Safety in China

jùn mǎ (俊 马)*

In many ways, the evolution of Chinese agriculture over the past 40 years is a remarkable success story.

First, after a long time fighting food shortages, China has been self-sufficient in food since 1995.

Later, spurred by investments in research and government subsidies for fertilizers and other farm technologies, China now feeds 22% of the world’s population on just 9% of its total arable land.

There were a total 400 000 food producing or processing entities in China in 2016.

About 35 percent of China’s labor force is in agriculture (compared to 2.5 percent in the U.S.). There are 425 million agricultural workers (200 million farming households) in China.

Food safety in China (shí pǐn ān quán 食品安全) dans Food contamination in China fig3_seasons-300x288

Agriculture seasons

Thus, despite achievements, the nation will continue to have a hard time ensuring food safety for a quite long time.

China’s food security is being challenged by a mix of factors, including rising demand, rapid urbanization, scarce natural resources and agricultural labor, and greater risk of food safety and environmental problems.

To make the nation’s food supplies safer in 2018, the authorities will carry out campaigns targeting six sectors: the rural food market, dairy products, edible oil, liquor, seasonal and festive food as well as food additive management, according to a statement released after Tuesday’s national work conference on food safety supervision.

food-poison-170x300 dans Food Safety in Beijing

food-poison

Increasing public awareness

Public demand for improvements in the management of food safety risks is increasing faster than the capacity to provide them.

It is fueled partly by the media focus on problems that involve acute outbreaks of food-related illness and on diseases like cancer that have a high “dread risk” factor, as well as by growing awareness of the impacts of environmental degradation on health more generally.

Public anxiety is heightened by the lack of reliable public information or risk communication, and by evidence of official corruption associated with some food safety problems.

Although the need for greater public over sight is recognized, there is a lack of formal mechanisms, such as consumer associations, to enable it.

environmental-heavy-metal-contamination

environmental-heavy-metal-contamination

Today situation in China, some painful examples

Food safety in China through four examples: heavy metal pollution, pesticides and veterinary drugs

(1) Contamination of food by heavy metals (particularly cadmium, lead, mercury and arsenic) is of great concern because it affects staple foods including rice and vegetables and has severe health effects.

The presence of heavy metals in the food production environment can be due partly to high background levels, but is often caused or exacerbated by pollution from mining.

pesticides_on_food-300x215 dans Food Safety in China

Pesticides on food

(2) Pesticide residues and veterinary drugs both represent cases in which food safety risks have emerged as side effects of the intensification of agricultural production.

The rapid increase in agricultural productivity has been accompanied by an increase in the use of chemical inputs, and the overuse of pesticides in particular is recognized to be a serious problem.

The overuse of veterinary drugs is an issue of particular concern from a long-term public health perspective because it contributes to the genetic selection of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), which may render ineffective drugs commonly used to combat disease in humans as well as animals.

chinese-court-300x191 dans Food safety in Shanghai

chinese court

Tightening controls on the rise

Although the government has done much to enforce and supervise the application of the food hygiene law, the food safety situation in China today remains unsatisfactory.

Most were medium-sized or small, from which most food with safety problems originated.

Although Chinese are becoming rich, the average income of rural resident is only 1500 Yuan (US$ 180).

By latest official count in 2016, a total of 80,000 cases concerning substandard food were spotted in 2016, underscoring the severity of China’s food safety problem.

The authorities ordered 60,000 businesses found illegally operating without licenses to cease production, while revoking the business licenses of 576 operators during the period, according to the State Administration for Industry and Commerce.

A total of 300 cases were handed over to judicial organs during the period.

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Control

Nation’s food safety supervision network remains weak

Given China’s vast size, how to supervise so many small food producers is a massive challenge for the government. This is a common challenge for most developing countries, where most food producers are medium-sized or small businesses, lacking the ability and resources to implement self-management in food safety.

In addition to that, in China there is no unified administrative organ with the authority to deal with all the issues relating to food safety.

Even remarkable progress had been made in improving the nation’s food safety supervision network the current system still does not fit in with actual demand, noting that supervision at grassroots levels is extremely weak and that more efforts are needed to improve supervision and emergency handling capabilities.

campagnes%20chine

Farmers in China

Farmers lack of knowledge is a complex issue

Problems remained at deep administrative levels, as a large number of food producers and catering operators are running small-scale businesses and some consumers lack knowledge and safety awareness.

Farmer have suffered in modern China. Onw small factory owner told National Geographic, “Farmers find it hard to survive in an industrialized society. Farmer want to work in the factories, but transition is difficult and few of them adjust. They have no skills. They lack education. They lack the attitude one needs to learn. They have no sense of time, of living by the clock.” The small-scale farmer is largely seen as a dying breed in China, made up mostly of the elderly left behind in the mass exodus of migrant workers to much higher-paying jobs in industrial cities.

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china agriculture

Historical problem : the choice between food security and grain self-sufficiency

We must remember that China began to regulate food safety immediately following the resolution of its food shortages.

Though it deserves the highest priority, food security does not equal grain self-sufficiency. In addition to growing challenges, China remains home to the second largest population of undernourished people in the world (160 million or about 11 percent of the country’s population).

Besides, a large number of people in China suffer from lack of micronutrients in their diet, the so-called hidden hunger. Striking an efficient balance between grain self-sufficiency and food security is thus important to get on the road to food security.

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Food Safety

The recourse to importation

The No 1 Central Document says the extent of China’s grain sufficiency will be somewhat relaxed and the import structure optimized. This is a welcome move. Such a policy will allow China to make better use of the international market. It will also facilitate improved allocation of resources among different commodities.

Self-sufficiency targeted to specific food grains such as rice and wheat in which China has an advantage, can protect domestic consumers from volatile international grain markets and thus promote social stability.

* Francois de la Chevalerie

Publié dans Food contamination in China, Food Safety in Beijing, Food Safety in China, Food safety in Shanghai | Pas de Commentaire »

 

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