• ITGIUM PRESS

    Press Release

  • jùn mǎ Speech at ITTC

    Presentation ITTC

    • Speech of jùn mǎ at the International Technology Transfer in Beijing and Guiyang on April (ITTC 2014)
    • Topic: Energy savings solution along with a substantial diminution of carbon dioxide (CO2)
    • Session “Smart City and The City of Future Technology Innovation in China “.

  • Slide2

  • ITGIUM INFO

    • Album : ITgium
      <b>Slide01</b> <br />
    • Album : Press Release : Shrimps diseases in China
      <b>Slide1</b> <br />
    • Album : Chemical disinfection
      <b>IMG_6034</b> <br />
    • Album : Saving energy
      <b>20140415_080014(1) copy</b> <br />
    • Album : Urban planning
      <b>IMG_2389</b> <br />
    • Album : Sediment treatment and valorization
      <b>IMG_3453</b> <br />
  • ITGIUM ISSUES

  • World energy dramatic consumption increase…

    Slide03

  • …that cause serious consequences.

    Slide04

  • How can we reduce the energy consumption ?

    Slide2

  • Right approach : China Saving Energy Stiffer Law 严格 法律

    law-enforcement

    • Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC), the country's top legislature, has voted to adopt revisions to the Environmental Protection Law, enshrining environmental protection as the government's overriding priority, with specific articles and provisions on smog.
    • For the first time, the law has established clear requirements for ecological protection.

  • One solution : Saving Energy in Building 大楼 节约能源

    city_lights_energy_savings_roller_shutters

    • In a typical European household, well over half the money spent on fuel bills goes towards providing heating and hot water, so it makes sense to invest in the most energy-efficient heating system.
    • So the main sector of energy savings is found in the housing communities.

  • Concrete example : Housing Saving Energy (Tianjin 天津)

    Building

    • Location : Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū (滨海新区)
    • Building, 40 floors, 30 000 m2
    • Concern Equipment : Heating or Air Conditioning
    • Estimated investment cost : $ 10,000
    • Return on investment : 13 months
    • Estimated 3 years Energy savings : $ 50,000
    • White certificate earning : $ 3,500

  • Example : Boilers Saving Energy China Potential Market

    Reduce-enkkergy

    Considering surface of more than 5000 m2 :
    • 12 millions of device today in activity has to be checked.
    • 25 % has to be replaced.
    • 75 % has to be rejuvenated through a saving energy device.
    • China boilers with saving energy device implementation market is estimated to a level of 24 billions of yuans (2,3 Md US$).

  • Chaoyang Saving Energy Plan 節能 计划朝阳区 節能 计划

    untitldfsfed

    What could be for the 5 years to come a plan to slash the energy consumption and to reduce the CO2 emission in the Cháoyáng Qū ?
    A triple project target
    • A reduction of the pollution and the emission of CO2
    • Inhabitants of buildings will save money on their energy bill
    • The Municipality will get to a new source of income

  • Chaoyang Estimates Saving Energy Plan

    Slide3 copy

  • Saving Energy means Saving Money for your properties ! 节省

    Slide1

    How to save money and add value to your real estate through an ecological way ?
    5 five ways to do it !
    In Europe :
    (1) For the housing building equipped with saving energy devices, the market rental values, yields and acquisition prices have steadily increased :
    • 2011 : + 3 %
    • 2012 : + 2,7 %
    • 2013 : + 2,6 %
    (2) Those ones that haven’t such equipment have experienced a sharp decrease that intensified over the years :
    • 2011 : - 2 %
    • 2012 : - 2,6 %
    • 2013 : - 4,7 %

  • Europe Saving Energy Plan

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    (1) In Europe, residential building consumption represents 45 % of the total energy cost (2013).
    This is the main sector of energy savings.
    (2) Under the Renewable Energy Directive 2012/0288 (COD), the EU aims to get 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.

  • Carbon Trading : The White Certificate

    Carbon_trading

    • A white certificate, also referred to as an Energy Savings Certificate (ESC), is an instrument issued by an authorized body guaranteeing that a specified amount of energy savings has been achieved.
    • The white certificates are given to the producers whenever an amount of energy is saved whereupon the producer can use the certificate for their own target compliance or can be sold to (other) parties who cannot meet their targets.
    • Each certificate is a unique and traceable commodity carrying a property right over a certain amount of additional energy savings and guaranteeing that the benefit of these savings has not been accounted for elsewhere.

  • Saving Energy Regulation, examples

    Slide13

  • White certificate : How it works ?

    Slide14

  • China Science J

    China Science 中国 科学
    The "Four Great Inventions" (四大发明; sì dà fāmíng) are the
    • Compass 指南针 zhǐ nán zhēn
    • Gunpowder 火药 huǒ yào
    • Papermaking 造纸 zào zhǐ
    • Printing 印刷品 yìn shuā pǐn

  • Chinese History

    The China Way 中国 前景
    • 千里之行﹐始於足下。
    Qian li zhi xing, shi yu zu xia.
    A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
    老子 Laozi
    • 不管黑猫白猫,捉到老鼠就是好猫。
    Buguan hei mao bai mao, zhuo dao laoshu jiu shi hao mao.
    No matter if it is a white cat or a black cat; as long as it can catch mice, it is a good cat.
    邓小平 Dèng Xiǎopíng

  • Slide15

  • Urban Saving Energy Project

    Slide19

    • Designing a city-wide questionnaire survey upon heating equipment
    • Measuring the annual fuel utilization of housing communities
    • Establishing consumption categories and GHG emissions accounting methodology
    • Data processing and analysis of the survey results, including influencing factor analysis and profiling of low, medium and high GHG emission households and communities.
    • Estimates evaluation of today city energy global cost and saving energy estimates
    • Agenda statement
    • Implementation of the device according to a comprehensive plan

  • Estimates Saving Energy project

    Slide20

    During two months. The survey is engaged, district by district, during three months.

  • Saving Energy Solution : The DJP ENERGY experience

    Slide21

    • ECO REGULATOR - designed to cut back the energy cost on existing boilers in substantial housing estates and public amenities.
    • 20 % of Energy Saving on Boilers.

  • China CO2 Savings

    ChinaTelecomCO2savings

  • China Air Pollution Perspective

    china-air-pollution-db.png?w=984&h=746

  • GDP & Pollution Trend

    gdp--cars--so2--cod-in-china

  • China Air Pollution

    030614_chinapollution_figure

  • CO2 China Emission

    china-usa-india-carbon-dioxide-chart

  • Air Pollution effects

    HealthEffectsOfPM10Example.ashx

  • CO2 Diseases

    694px-Main_symptoms_of_carbon_dioxide_toxicity.svg

  • China Air Pollution Death Toll

    air_pollution_map-s

  • World Death Toll per area

    Screenshot-2014-03-25-at-1.52.12-PM

  • Tags

  • Méta

  • Site counters

C4 Calcium Carbonate

Slide1

C4

A “chemical” solution exists to solve jointly the energy crisis and CO2 release. Thanks to the Lime, “Cycle C4” could produce liquid fuels (petrol, diesel, etc.) with no CO2 release.

The cycle presents no technological uncertainty; each step is widely known and controlled.

Profitable with a barrel quote at 100 dollars.

______________________________________________________________________________

In 2004, the International Energy Agency annual report predicted that oil prices will reach $20 a barrel in 2014.

This misdiagnosis underscores the difficulty of catching the future.

Today, arguments suggesting a price strengthening arose: fossil energy exhaustion, emerging economies growing consumption, dollar weakness, political turmoil, speculation, and greenhouse worsening. Even oil majors companies, traditionally optimistic, are considering oil higher extraction cost as it has been already done for the Canadian oil shale.

In addition, the most important countries are assuming growing oriented prices: oil countries, anxious to develop and secure their future; western countries, eager to exploit unprofitable deposits and to revive their national industrial.

In this context, alternative and renewable energy are experiencing a good trend: wind, solar, thermal, nuclear power plant, etc. Between them, chemistry suggests embarrassment.

gsdhgsqhdg

C4

Seveso and Bhopal tragedies, as well as the so-called European program Reach brought legitimate concerns. Potentially dangerous, chemistry is considered detrimental to the environment as for example the fact that coal conversion into hydrocarbons liquid fuels produce CO2. Other concern, chemistry has been the latest solution for close to end governments?

During World War II, German Fischer & Tropsch process allowed the Wehrmacht to pursue the war. Banned by an embargo during the apartheid decades, South Africa developed a method called “coal to liquid.”
However, a “chemical” solution exists to solve jointly the energy crisis and CO2 release.

First, we do not have to forget that chemical phenomena have made life possible on Earth! Three billion years ago, the land atmosphere was unbreathable, saturated with water vapor (steam), CO2 and highly toxic gases. Oxygen atoms were scarce.

The ground was burned, mainly composed of magmatic rocks.

Despite a formidable greenhouse effect, temperature declines. Condensing water gave birth to rain, then to seas and oceans. At this point, water oceans dissolve then precipitate minerals forms into harmful gases, including CO2. Therefore, carbonate minerals, including calcium carbonate or limestone, spread on earth’s crust.

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C4

In ancient times, the first technological revolution was with lime! It was the oldest binder used in construction, mainly appreciated by the Romans. Limestone is heat-treated in lime kilns to separate lime (CaO) from CO2, the two constituents of calcium carbonate. Being consolidated, lime gives a binding effect though combined CO2 and air moisture.

By then, lime becomes calcium carbonate while capturing the exact amount of CO2 released during its production.
Present everywhere on earth, limestone is the most egalitarian mineral in the world. Being integrate into a cycle, the so-called “Cycle C4” could produce liquid fuels (petrol, diesel, etc.) with no CO2 release.

The cycle presents no technological uncertainty; each step is widely known and controlled. First, CO2 is obtained by lime kiln from limestone, heated by non-fossil energy.

Then comes hydrogen (H2) whose production could be achieved trough various ways, the first one, water. Generated by non-fossil (process) electricity (nuclear, hydro, wind, photovoltaic…), electrolyzed water produces hydrogen and oxygen.

Then synthesis CO2 more H2 technology has been known for a long time. It requires to invest into major industrial units! Last step is to capture the CO2 produced by the hydrocarbons once obtained.

Whatever its destination, lime is “doomed” to recover its CO2 equivalent! Immersed in the sea (for solving problems of acidification), filed on facades of buildings or used in agriculture, lime captures CO2, according to a natural way. These techniques work indiscriminately through the land atmosphere as well where CO2 in heavily concentrated (cement, for example).

chaux

C4

Finally, limestone and water will be returned to the natural environment, only the energy will be consumed! Energy is the unique “Cycle 4” raw material: everything else is recycled (water and calcium carbonate).

This cycle is a convenient against middle term energy shortage. In addition to national independence, it allows to maintain today technologies in transport, agriculture and fishing, while facilitating engines innovation (hybrid, performance, reliability, and so an).

Furthermore, it promotes energy without carbon footprint (C-free). It also helps to preserve hydrocarbons reserve applications for more noble applications.

Profitable with a barrel quote at 100 dollars, calculated on the basis of 26.7 MWh per hydrocarbons ton, energy expenditure shows a price of 0,025 € / kWh for a total cost of 0.67 € / liter of fuel.

Below the current liter price (at the pump), the cost also includes the capture of CO2 released!

If therefore CO2 credits or rights to pollute will be enforced, it will be much more competitive.

Instead of predicting the future, it is better to provide right now an alternative against the energy crisis. In this case, lime, masterpiece of the “cycle C4”, is the right answer!

Claude CHARZAT (inventor) François de la CHEVALERIE, Jacques HUMBERT, Daniel  JOUBERT (Cycle C4, patents co-owners)

 

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